Over de rol van kunst in een globaliserende samenleving

Framer Framed

Court for Intergenerational Climate Crimes by Radha D'Souza & Jonas Staal at Framer Framed. Photo: Ruben Hamelink
Court for Intergenerational Climate Crimes (2021), Framer Framed, Amsterdam. Foto: © Ruben Hamelink
'Court for Intergenerational Climate Crimes' (2021), Project van Radha D’Souza & Jonas Staal, foto: Ruben Hamelink
'A Seat for the Sea' in the 'Court for Intergenerational Climate Crimes' at Framer Framed. Photo: Betul Ellialtioglu / Framer Framed
Court for Intergenerational Climate Crimes (2021). Foto: © Ruben Hamelink
Sharon Venne - Hearings of the Court for Intergenerational Climate Crimes (2021-2022). Photo: Ruben Hamelink
Rasigan Maharajh - Hearings of the Court for Intergenerational Climate Crimes (2021-2022). Photo: Ruben Hamelink
Nicholas Hildyard - Hearings of the Court for Intergenerational Climate Crimes (2021-2022). Photo: Ruben Hamelink
Radha D’Souza & Jonas Staal - 'Court for Intergenerational Climate Crimes' (2021). Photo: Ruben Hamelink
Framer Framed x Museumnacht © Seye Cadmus
Framer Framed x Museumnacht 2021 © Seye Cadmus
We Sell Reality © Seye Cadmus / Framer Framed
Framer Framed x Museumnacht 2021 © Seye Cadmus
Home is a story you carry on your back. Foto: © Betul Ellialtioglu / Framer Framed
'Court for Intergenerational Climate Crimes' (2021-2022). Photo: Ruben Hamelink

Digitaal Archief: Court for Intergenerational Climate Crimes

Onze verontschuldigingen, dit bericht is alleen beschikbaar in Engels. Voor het gemak van de kijker, is de inhoud hieronder weergegeven in de alternatieve taal. Je kunt klikken op de link om naar de actieve taal over te schakelen.

Access the online content archive of the Court for Intergenerational Climate Crimes which took place at Framer Framed between 25 Sept 2021 and 13 Feb 2022.

The Court for Intergenerational Climate Crimes (CICC), a collaboration between Indian academic, writer, lawyer and activist Radha D’Souza and Dutch artist Jonas Staal commissioned and produced by Framer Framed. The CICC consisted of a large-scale installation in the form of a tribunal that prosecuted intergenerational climate crimes during public hearings on 28-31 October 2021. During the hearings, the CICC focused on corporations registered in the Netherlands as well as the legal frameworks established by the Dutch State system supportive of the corporations such as Unilever, ING and Airbus. The evidence of past and present climate crimes were presented with the contributions of prosecutors, witnesses and the public. The court looked at the impacts of these parties on the here and now, as well as on planetary life in the future.

Alongside the public hearings, the tribunal hosted several public programs for study groups, gatherings and events by activists, researchers, students a.o. that are working in the field of climate justice. The themes developed by the CICC ultimately place the project within the main scope of Framer Framed: the transformation of art institutions into social spaces, in which not only reflection can take place, but also new forms of committed action can be imagined and put into practice.

When the Court for Intergenerational Climate Crimes (CICC) was not activated for hearings or larger gatherings, a video was played on a continuous loop on the four main screens at the centre of the installation. Narrated by Radha D’Souza, the video introduces the alternative legal framework of the CICC, which not only brings into evidence climate crimes of the past, but equally, prosecutes climate crimes on behalf of unborn human and non-human comrades of the future.

Below, you can see a digital archive of the CICC and all the other events organised in relation.

Exhibition Catalogue

You can find the exhibition catalogue online, in Dutch and English, for more information about the exhibition, the statute, the artworks works and more.

The Intergenerational Climate Crimes Act

Read the act published for the Court for Intergenerational Climate Crimes from here.

Opening of the CICC

Inauguration – 24 Sept 2021, 19:00

Court for Intergenerational Climate Crimes (2021) © Ruben Hamelink

The CICC kicked off with the participation of Radha D’Souza and Jonas Staal. The project opened with an inauguration of the tribunal on the 24th of September. After a warm welcome by Framer Framed co-director Josien Pieterse, D’Souza and Staal introduced the project to both live and online audiences and answered questions from the public. You can find more information on the opening here.

The event has been live-streamed on Facebook and can be watched here.

The CICC Hearings

28-31 Oct 2021

Judges: Radha D’Souza | Sharon H. Venne | Nicholas Hildyard | Rasigan Maharajh
Clerk: Jonas Staal

The CICC took the form of a court where states and corporations could be held accountable, not only for the here and now, but also for the consequences of their actions on future generations. During the project’s research process, Framer Framed met with activist organisations across the world to hear their stories and learn from their experience. The CICC hearings became a platform in which to share this knowledge with a wider public.

During the public hearings, emphasis was placed on the intersection of climate crimes with environmental pollution, desertification, racism, mass displacement of people, the military industrial complex and other forms of intergenerational climate crimes. The proceedings consist of introductions by prosecutors and various witness testimony, which was overseen by four judges. The legal framework for the CICC is based on the Intergenerational Climate Crimes Act, written by Radha D’Souza.

The CICC was conceived and designed with the aim to present evidence of climate crimes both past and present, assessing their impact on present and future planetary life. As such, the tribunal rejects linear, atomised, individualised, and adversarial premises underlying the present-day legal system and instead, seeks to establish comradely bonds with ancestors and descendants across different time scales.

You can find the information on each hearing and video links below.

Hearing I: Comrades past, present and future vs. the Dutch State

28 Oct 2021, 13:00-18:00
Prosecutor: Bart-Jaap Verbeek (SOMO)

Watch the Comrades past, present and future vs. the Dutch State online from the link.

This case indicted the Dutch State for establishing Bilateral Trade Agreements as a legal framework for the benefit of transnational corporations and the state itself. Bilateral Trade Agreements will be explained, and evidence will be presented on the ecocidal, social impacts of such agreements on ecosystem communities in Bolivia, Peru and Mongolia.

You can watch the videos of the witness and closing statements of the hearing separately:
Witness Statement: Sukhgerel Dugersuren (OT Watch) – Mongolia
Witness Statement: Marchella Olivera (Blue Planet Project)  – Bolivia
Witness Statement: Alfonso López Tejada (ACODECOSPAT) – Peru
Closing statements by the Judges

Comrades past, present and future vs. the Dutch State handout

Hearing II: Comrades past, present and future vs. Unilever

29 Oct 2021, 13:00-18:00
Prosecutor: Daphné Dupont-Nivet

This case indicts Unilever and the Dutch State for committing different types of climate crimes by their destructive activities, such as mercury poisoning of rivers, monocultures of agriculture and the active undermining of democratic institutions, through witnesses from India, the Democratic Republic of Congo and Kenya.

You can watch the videos of the witness and closing statements of the hearing separately:

Witness Statement: Nityanand Jayaraman (Vettiver Koottamaippu) – India
Witness Statement: Faith Alubbe (Kenya Land Alliance) – Kenya
Witness Statement: Jean-François Mombia Atuku (RIAO-RDC) – Congo
Closing Statements by the Judges

Comrades past, present and future vs. Unilever handout

Hearing III: Comrades past, present and future vs. ING

30 Oct 2021, 13:00-18:00
Prosecutor: Rodrigo Fernandez (SOMO)

This case indicts ING for establishing financial syndicates and cartels to fund ecocidal, socially disruptive activities by transnational corporations; and indicts the Dutch State for establishing the legal frameworks facilitative of ING’s activities and for profiting from them. Evidence will be introduced of the impacts of ING finance and investment in coal plants, palm oil production and deforestation by witnesses from Indonesia, Cameroon, and Brazil.

You can watch the videos of the witness and closing statements of the hearing separately:

Hearing IV: Comrades past, present and future vs. Airbus

31 Oct 2021, 13:00-18:00

Prosecutor: Wendela de Vries (Stop Wapenhandel)

This case indicts Airbus Industries for designing, manufacturing and trading in destructive weapons including fighter planes, surveillance equipment and other weapons of war, with devastating environmental and social impacts in the Global South. Evidence will be presented on the consequences of European wars using Airbus technologies that have deadly impacts on the environment, refugees and asylum seekers, and the people of Yemen and Libya.

You can watch the videos of the witness and closing statements of the hearing separately:
Witness Statement: Valentina Azarova (Machester International Law Centre)

Launch: Errant Journal #2, Slow Violence

31 Jun 2021, 16:00-18:00

Errant Journal #2, Slow Violence | © Betul Ellialtioglu / Framer Framed

Errant Journal No.2, Slow Violence launch took place at Framer Framed on the 31st of June. The Editor-in-Chief Irene de Craen conducted a live interview with Radha D’Souza and Jonas Staal about their Court for Intergenerational Climate Crimes, followed by a short presentation by Aldo Ramos. 

The journal issue was edited by Radha D’Souza and Jonas Staal and featured contributions by the CICC judges on intergenerational climate crimes. Also, a conversation between Radha D’Souza and Jonas Staal was published in the journal. The text was republished on the exhibition catalogue as the curatorial text. Read the conversation between Radha D’Souza and Jonas Staal here.

Errant Journal is a concept by Irene de Craen; Framed Framed is co-publisher and founding partner. Order your copy of Errant Journal directly online via our webshop.

Crisis Imaginaries, Chapter 6: Ecologies of Vulnerability and Resistance

30 Sep 2021, 18:00-20:00


Crisis Imaginaries is a project by Framer Framed and Goethe-Institut Niederlande. The series explores the climate and ecological crises through participatory research and from intersectional & interdisciplinary perspectives.

The ASCA Political Ecologies Seminar, directed by Jeff Diamanti and Joost de Bloois, is a series of reading groups, masterclasses, and public lectures from international scholars and artists engaged in the creative and theoretical study of ecological relation and crisis.

For this event, Crisis Imaginaries collaborated with the ASCA Political Ecologies Seminar in hosting interdisciplinary artist and science historian Edna Bonhomme and professor, researcher and writer J.T. Roane for a panel and discussion on their research into ecologies of vulnerability and resistance. The conversation focussed on the politics of urbanisation and public health as larger themes from which to dive into localised histories. The program was moderated by UvA’s Political Ecologies co-director Jeff Diamanti.

Magazine Launch: Kunstlicht – The Worldliness of Oil

6 Oct 2021, 19:30-21:30

Editors-in-chief: Joyce Poot, Anna Sejbæk Torp-Pedersen

During the launch of Kunstlicht Magazine’s issue titled The Worldliness of Oil: Recognition and Relations, the CICC tribunal hosted a reading from Clementine Edwards and speaks with artist Tanja Engelberts, writer Niloufar Nematollahi and researcher Ruby de Vos, all introduced by the guest editors and curators Anne Szefer Karlsen and Helga Nyman. This Issue of Kunstlicht Magazine delves into how oil continues to shape individual experiences and national identities, propelling conflict and creating disparate economic opportunities.  

Ashley Maum, part of Framer Framed’s research and production team, contributed to the issue with an article focusing on the presence of oil in the Court for Intergenerational Climate Crimes. The article condenses (and deepens) the research analysis in the author’s master’s thesis, which used the CICC as one of two case studies. Read the article here.

Ashley Maum’s master thesis Heterotopic Ecologies: Art Exhibitions as Sites of Activist Intervention / Imagination can be accessed here.

To access the website of Kunstlicht Magazine, click here.

Museum Night 2021

6 Nov 2021, 20:00-23:59

CICC by Radha D’Souza & Jonas Staal during the Museum Night 2021 at Framer Framed. Photo: © Seye Cadmus

In 2021 the Museum Night Amsterdam came back in physical form with an edition centred around the theme ‘activism, an act of joy and resilience’. Framer Framed participated in the event in collaboration with EAST&, an initiative by Framer Framed, Nowhere, Plein Theater, Q Factory and De Rode Loper Op School that connects local residents, cultural organisations and the many talented and diverse creatives of Amsterdam-East. For the Museum Night, Framer Framed invited local critical collectives that have made joy the center of their practice, such as Art Harder, Cat Smits and DJ Mr Winter, and collaborated with Het Fort van Sjakoo and KIOSK Rotterdam which curated the bookshop of Framer Framed for the event.

The public was also guided through to the two exhibitions taking place at Framer Framed: Powerplay – Deals All Over by social rebellion label We Sell Reality and Court for International Climate Crimes, where visitors were confronted with two of the most trying crises of our times, respectively the failing European asylum policy and climate change. Between 20:00-20:30 and 22:30-00:00, researchers from the CICC tribunal led five-minute tours across the space, where visitors would meet the extinct animals, plants and ammonite fossils populating the exhibition space.

Check the programme on Museum Night page

The Climate Crisis is a Colonial Crisis – article by Roos van der Lint

24 November 2021

In an article written by art historian Roos van der Lint for De Groene Amsterdammer, the author gives an extensive account on the context of the exhibition and its initiators and identifies the CICC as a project that deals primarily with the deep ties between the Dutch State and its colonial past.

This article previously appeared in De Groene Amsterdammer No. 47, 2021 and is accessible on the Framer Framed website with permission.

(Post) Anthropocene Museologies Symposium

30 Nov 2021, 12:00-19:00

Watch the event on YouTube.

A hybrid symposium co-organised by Colin Sterling and Blake Ewing and hosted by Framer Framed, (Post) Anthropocene Museologies aimed to ‘take stock’ of Anthropocene related projects in the museum sector over the past decade, and from this foundation sketch out the potential contribution museums might make to an Anthropocene or potential post-Anthropocene world. The event occurred in the exhibition space of the Court for Intergenerational Climate Crimes.


Bergit Arends (Courtauld Institute of Art, University of London) | Giulia Bellinetti (Jan Van Eyck Academie & University of Amsterdam) | Christian Ernsten & Erik Wong (Maastricht University) | Christina Fredengren (Stockholm University & Uppsala University) | Rania Ghosn & El Hadi Jazairy (DESIGN EARTH) | Walter Lowande (Federal University of Alfenas, Minas Gerais) | Bridget McKenzie (Climate Museum UK) | Dean Sully (UCL Institute of Archaeology) | Bergsveinn Þórsson (University of Oslo) | Zofia Trafas White (V&A) | Line Vestergaard Knudsen (Aalborg University)  | Lotte Isager (University of Copenhagen) | Dipesh Chakrabarty (University of Chicago) | Scott Wing (Smithsonian’s Museum of Natural History) | Chiara De Cesari (University of Amsterdam)

Day Program – Anthropocene Museologies

eBook – Reimagining Museums for Climate Action


Storytelling event: Home is a story you carry on your back

8 Dec 2021, 15:00-17:00

Home is a story you carry on your back. Photo: © Betul Ellialtioglu / Framer Framed

The live stream of the event is accessible here.

ASKV organised a week-long program to share what it is like to be an undocumented refugee in Amsterdam. As part of this week, a storytelling evening Home is a story you carry on your back took place at the CICC space where we listened to folktales from ASKV community.

Featuring tellers of folk stories from Niger, Nigeria, Iran and St. Eustatius, we share the roots of people in a celebration of the culture that comes here to live in Amsterdam. All the tellers in the performance have participated in a 6-week programme by Simon Hodges for undocumented migrants together from ASKV PAO. During a difficult year, the course provided a refuge where they could express themselves, enjoy art and remember their culture with pride. Learn more about ASKV’s Refugee Week

Lecture: The Colonisation of the Future by David van Reybrouck

8 Jan 2022, 15:00-17:00

The YouTube streaming link is accessible here.

For the event, cultural historian, archaeologist and writer David Van Reybrouck delivered a lecture based on his text The Colonisation of the Future. Living on the brink of the climate catastrophe, which he wrote as a contribution to Leiden University’s annual Huizinga lecture. After the lecture, a live discussion was moderated by Art historian Meta Knol

Although interest in colonisation has grown throughout the West in recent years, it is mostly limited to historical colonialism. Little attention is paid to the ways in which we colonise the future. However, this is done with the same ruthlessness and short-sightedness with which regions around the world were invaded in earlier times. The theme of the lecture fits perfectly within the framework of the CICC, where the lecture was held – that is, the way in which humanity is currently plundering and enslaving future generations, and the fact that violence is not limited to humans but affects all life on earth.

In December 2020, Framer Framed hosted an interview with David Van Reybrouck about his book Revolusi that can be viewed here (in Dutch).

Dutch launch: Compendium Rights of Nature

2 Feb 2022, 14:00 – 16:00

The live stream of the event is accessible here.


Laura Burgers (Assistant Professor University of Amsterdam) | Jessica den Outer (consultant on the Rights of Nature) | Daphina Misiedjan (lawyer and researcher) | Joost Ossevoort (Waterschap de Dommel) | Marleen van Rijswick (professor of European and Dutch Water Law, Utrecht University) | Emilie Reuchlin-Hugenholtz (North Sea expert) | Teresa Vicente Giménez (professor & lawyer, University of Murcia)

The Embassy of the North Sea commissioned Laura Burgers and Jessica den Outer – both experts in the field of nature rights – to author the compendium Rights of Nature – Case studies from six continents. In the publication, the authors analyse some examples per continent of how the rights of nature have been recognized within the specific context, as well as their current implementation and enforcement. The compendium Rights of Nature – Case studies from six continents can be purchased here. The English edition of the Compendium was presented on September 23 in Venice, Ocean Space. Read more here.

A Seat for the Sea: A conference by the Embassy of the North Sea

10 Feb 2022, 17:30-19:30


Greet Brauwers | Raf Custers | Marialena Marouda | Theun Karelse | Esther Kokmeijer | Stijn Demeulenaere | Anna Luyten

A Seat for Sea in the CICC © Betul Ellialtioglu / Framer Framed

The livestream of the event A Seat for the Sea is accessible here.

The possibility and necessity for inter-species collaboration in the management of the planetary landscape was further elaborated during the conference A Seat for the Sea. The event was organised by a Dutch-based interdisciplinary collective, the Embassy of the North Sea, founded in 2018 in The Hague as a collective of makers, thinkers and activists whose research investigates whether rights for the North Sea can bring its self-determination closer. The Embassy of the North Sea works on case studies to see how a community of human and non-human entities can be brought together in order to steer away from the ecological crisis the global society is facing. The organisation has initiated research projects such as Stem voor de Eel in Amsterdam, aiming toward furthering more-than-human cooperation on a local level.

The conference A Seat for the Sea was explicitly rooted in an activist attitude toward environmental concerns; in fact, the aim of the event was to strengthen the affective and cognitive involvement of society at large into industrial and investment projects such as deep-sea mining. The Embassy for the North Sea ultimately joins its voice to those of the other CICC contributors, calling out loud for a solution to the generalised ecological emergency in the form of a shift of power from human hands to the collective hands of Nature.

To read about the publication Rechten voor Natuur – Casestudies uit zes continenten, written by Jessica den Outer and Laura Burgers on behalf of The Embassy of the North Sea, click here (Dutch only).

Activism Archive

The CICC appeared on #ActivismArchive, a series in which Framer Framed highlights artists’ works from previous exhibitions and their relation to climate and environmental activism. The series was initiated by Ashley Maum in 2020 as a way of supporting the Fridays for Future climate strike online. The archive hopes to convey the power and possibility art holds in the face of struggle.


Additionally, writer Vidur Sethi spoke with Radha D’Souza and Jonas Staal. Read the interview featured on the STIR, an international architecture, new media, and design platform.

AI Murmurings – A conversation between Jonas Staal and Radha D’Souza and Slow Research Lab

Slow Research Lab, a multidisciplinary research and curatorial platform based in the Netherlands, produced as part of its podcast AI Murmurings an episode in collaboration with Jonas Staal and Radha D’Souza on the CICC, which you can find here.

The conversation addressed questions as: What if we approached AI from an interdependent, intergenerational perspective? How do the structures and mentalities that have brought humans and non-humans alike to the brink of extinction permeate the technologies that have become so integral to our daily lives? Could a more conscious, ‘comradely’ approach to AI’s help repair the damage that has been done and move us closer to the worlds we want to create?


The Court for Intergenerational Climate Crimes has been reviewed and find place on Dutch media and online platforms several times:

A thorough court report by Tobias Dias on the Court for Intergenerational Climate Crimes (CICC) is published in Texte Zur Kunst. Read the report here.

Future iterations of CICC

In November 2021, part of the CICC traveled to Kunsthalle Münster and was part of the exhibition Nimmersatt? Imagining Society without Growth. Future iterations of the CICC are now being planned in Helsinki, Seoul and more!

Radha D‘Souza & Jonas Staal, Comrades in Extinction in Kunsthalle Munster. Photo: LWL/Hanna Neander

Presentation of the CICC verdicts with the Society of Arts

On Monday 13 June 2022 Framer Framed in collaboration with the Society of Arts (AvK) presented Climate Narratives: The Intergenerational Climate Crimes Act. The event included the announcement of the verdicts in the CICC hearings held in October 2021. The programme took place at the Trippenhuis of the Royal Academy of Arts and Sciences (KNAW). Led by CICC initiators Radha D’Souza and Jonas Staal, the evening featured responses from Linda Steg (University of Groningen) and Daphina Misiedjan (Erasumus University Rotterdam), moderated by Hicham Khalidi (Director, Jan van Eyck Academie), reflecting on the verdicts as well as the guiding statute of the CICC: The Intergenerational Climate Crimes Act.

Climate Narratives is a new public series by the Society of Arts, in which artists enter into dialogue with scientists, researchers, lawyers and activists to propose new imaginaries of climate justice. Facts are essential, but facts need narratives to become affective and therefore effective. Climate Narratives thus aims to introduce factful stories in defense of living worlds for all.

Climate Narratives is part of the monthly webinar series Klimaat Van Alle Kanten (Climate from all Sides) of The Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (KNAW).

Supported by

Dutch Ministry of Education, Culture and Science; Amsterdam Fonds voor de Kunst; Mondriaan Fund; Gemeente Amsterdam – Stadsdeel Oost; Stimuleringsfonds voor Creatieve Industrie; Outset Netherland.


Van Abbemuseum, Eindhoven.
Textiellab, Tilburg.

Archief / CICC / Ecologie / Kunst en Activisme / Politiek Klimaat /


Court for Intergenerational Climate Crimes - Jonas Staal

Expositie: Court for Intergenerational Climate Crimes

Een project van Radha D'Souza en Jonas Staal


Climate Narratives: The Intergenerational Climate Crimes Act

Voordracht van de vonnissen betreft de zaken die in de CICC zijn gevoerd
A Seat for the Sea
Een artistiek onderzoeksproject dat de huidige systemen van ecologische vernietiging uitdaagt
Lancering: Compendium Rechten voor Natuur
Presentatie van de Nederlandse publicatie 'Rechten voor Natuur. Casestudies uit zes continenten'
Voordracht: Klimaatlezing van David van Reybrouck
Over de kolonisatie van de toekomst, en leven aan de vooravond van de klimaatcatastrofe
Symposium: (Post) Anthropocene Museologies
Hybride symposium over museale praktijken in het Antropoceen
Tijdschriftlancering: Kunstlicht
The Worldliness of Oil: Recognition and Relations
Crisis Imaginaries: Ecologies of Vulnerability and Resistance
Discussie met Edna Bonhomme en J.T. Roane, gemodereerd door Jeff Diamanti
Publiekshoorzittingen: Court for Intergenerational Climate Crimes
Kameraden verleden, heden en toekomst vs. de Nederlandse staat, Unilever, ING en Airbus
Opening: Court for Intergenerational Climate Crimes
door Radha D’Souza and Jonas Staal
Lancering: Errant Journal #2, Slow Violence
Errant Journal is een concept van Irene de Craen, gerealiseerd in samenwerking met Framer Framed
Crisis Imaginaries, hoofdstuk 1: Climate Transformations
Online panel over de klimaatcrisis met Carola Rackete, Radha D'Souza en Jonas Staal, moderator Jeff Diamanti


Sharon H. Venne

Cree geschiedschrijver
Rasigan Maharajh - Hearings of the Court for Intergenerational Climate Crimes

Rasigan Maharajh

Wetenschapper en activist
Nicholas Hildyard - Hearings of the Court for Intergenerational Climate Crimes

Nicholas Hildyard

Schrijver en directeur, The Corner House
Radha D'Souza

Radha D'Souza

Schrijver, onderzoeker, advocaat en activist

Jonas Staal