Digital Archive: On the Nature of Botanical Gardens
The Framer Framed exhibition On the Nature of Botanical Gardens is now online!
Stay home without missing out on our current exhibition as we bring the show to you with a new program of online content. Despite the closure between March 13 and June 2 of the exhibition space due to Corona, you can access more of the exhibition than ever before. Content for On the Nature of Botanical Gardens (2020) has been moved online with videos, interviews, and a virtual tour.
Decolonise Botanical Gardens
Framer Framed has been involved in the decolonisation of museum collections and presentations since its foundation. Symposia such as The Colonial Gaze (2009), The Exotic Gaze (2010), Contested History (2012) and Hacking History (2012) are examples of projects that wanted to contribute to the decolonisation of the Dutch remembrance culture.
The idea for the exhibition On the Nature of Botanical Gardens was born in 2016 from the desire to decolonize botanical heritage. After three years of research to which Clelia Coussonnet, Jean Carlos Medina, Josien Pieterse and Cas Bool contributed to the theoretical framework for the exhibition. Publications such as On Decoloniality: Concepts, Analytics, Praxis, by Walter D. Mignolo, Catherine E. Walsh (2018), Plants and Empire, Colonial Bioprospecting in the Atlantic World (2004) by Londa Schiebinger and Sowing Empire, Landscape and Colonization (2004), by Jill H. Casid helped to formulate the concept and approach.
Then, at the initiative of Framer Framed, Sadiah Boonstra was approached to help realize an exhibition within the formulated theoretical framework, with an emphasis on Indonesia. The exhibition features work by nine contemporary Indonesian artists, some of whom have previously exhibited work at Framer Framed. The artists show a critical, decolonizing view of botanical gardens, their power and way of building knowledge, the economy of nature, but also of the legacies and current consequences of approaching nature and plants in this way.
Several new works were produced especially for the exhibition by the artists Zico Albaiquni, Samuel Indratma, Lifepatch, Ipeh Nur and Sinta Tantra. One new work was realized by Ipeh Nur specifically for the exhibition. Previously she realized a new in situ artwork for the exhibition Pressing Matters (2018), a group exhibition with work by 24 Indonesian artists, brought together by artist Kevin van Braak; the mural Bunga Merah about the genocide on the Moluccan Banda islands by the VOC in 1621. For the exhibition On the Nature of Botanical Gardens she developed this theme further in the work Perken (acrylic on rice bags, 470 x 240 cm, 2019).
Samuel Indratma developed two additional works for On the Nature of Botanical Gardens as continuation of his 2018 painting Putri Penunggu Pohon. The new works, of shadow puppets and video animation, create a 3D installation within the space. The puppets represent guardians of the forest, blurring the lines between nature, humans and animals. The role of these guardians is emphasised through the animation Sintren – Save the planet (2019) which is a collaboration between Indratma and high school students in Java. Through bright and dynamic images, accompanied by lively music, the video tells a mythical story about saving the natural environment.
Artist and activist collective Lifepatch developed a two-channel video work for Framer Framed based on their ingoing research on the traditional medicine and healing practices of the Batak. Hundreds of pustaha, books containing knowledge of these practices were taken from Sumatra during colonial rule and brought to European libraries. Lifepatch’s videos Spectacular Healing (2019) depict the ways in which these traditional methods and ways of understanding nature are still being used today. Lifepatch members Agung ‘Geger’ Firmanto and Agus “Timbil” Tri Budiarto talked more about their work in the online Artist Talk.
Sinta Tantra was commissioned by Framer Framed and supported by Mondriaan Funds to create her 2020 installation Kebun Raya / Kebun Saya. The combination of a mural, postcards and other mixed media becomes what Tantra calls an ‘assemblage’ of art and artefacts. This commission was inspired by botanical gardens in Bali and Bogor as simultaneous sites of leisure, tourism and colonial processes of exoticism and musealisation.
We are proud to announce that another commissioned work Ruwatan Tanah Air Beta, Reciting Rites in its Sites (2019) by Zico Albaiquni, has been acquired by the Museum of World Cultures. The work follows the historical Dutch traces in the Botanical garden in Bogor and shows the contemporary appropriation of this area by public groups. In addition, the work reflects on the way in which this history was represented in a previous Framer Framed exhibitions basic values (2016) with works by herman de vries. The painting was commissioned by Framer Framed and supported by the Mondriaan Fund.
You can read the exhibition catalogue, now available online to download in English and Dutch, for more information about the exhibition, the participating artists, and their works.
Experience a personal and exclusive tour from the curator of On the Nature Botanical Gardens, Sadiah Boonstra available in both a Dutch and English version. With the tour is it now possible to see more of the artworks, and learn about their role within the exhibition, and in dialogue with each other. For the Dutch Virtual Tour on our YouTube channel, click here. See the 360° view of the exhibition.
For the curator, one of the aims of the exhibition was to provide an insight into knowledge systems of nature that existed before the advance of colonialism in Indonesia, knowledge that was ignored, dismissed or destroyed by colonial botanists. Hear more about this decolonial curatorial practice of the exhibition in an interview with, Sadiah Boonstra.
Framer Framed aims to shift from a more traditional categorised view to a layered and deeper perspective on botanical gardens, connecting it with contemporary art in Indonesia. In lieu of Framer Framed’s usual public program and Artists Talks, we interviewed some of the artists personally to discover their inspirations, experiences and processes.
Learn about the artists themselves and get closer to the artwork Ruwatan Tanah Air Beta, Reciting Rites in its Sites (2019) through a visit to Zico Albaiquni’s studio.
Hear more about her ten year research with Tibetan monks directly from the source in our interview with artist and environmentalist Arahmaiani.
Report on a panel discussion
Or, take a retrospective view of the exhibition with the report which recounts the public program Memoria Plantae: Perspectives on the Dutch Botanical Network with, among others, curator Sadiah Boonstra from December 2019.
Artist talk with participating artists Arahmaiani, Lifepatch, Zico Albaiquni, and curator Sadiah Boonstra, to discuss their work and vision on topics of identity, colonial and botanical history, indigenous knowledge and the use and exploitation of nature in Indonesia.
Framer Framed is also offering an educational program in Dutch for primary and middle school children that can be done at home or with their school. The online material of Bekijk het maar! isn’t just for learning, but can facilitate children’s own research and creativity through video clips and worksheets. Get to know the artworks in a fun and interactive way! Contact our educational department if you are interested to participate.
Inspired by the exhibition, the Open University organised a webinar on 8 October 2020. Who are the botanical gardens of? The webinar consisted of contributions from Sadiah Boonstra and Andreas Weber, who previously contribute to programs around the exhibition. Tinde van Andel also gave a presentation, she is professor by special appointment in the History of Botany and Gardens on behalf of the Clusius Foundation (see also her inaugural lecture Open the treasury and decolonize the museum, Leiden University, 6 January 2017).
Results of the webinar can be found here, with a focus on the special issue of Studium. Journal of Science and University History, ‘Laborious Transformations: Plants and Politics at Bogor Botanical Gardens’ (Vol. 11, No. 3, 2018), with an introduction and article by Andreas Weber.
On the Nature of Botanical Gardens is on show until 16 August 2020, and now it is possible to digitally visit the exhibition from home – or experience it again in a new way! The exhibition space will be open again from the 2nd June 2020.
Ecology / Archive / Shared Heritage / Indonesia / Colonial history /