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Rasigan Maharajh - Hearings of the Court for Intergenerational Climate Crimes


From October 28-31, 2021, public hearings were held in the Court for Intergenerational Climate Crimes (CICC) against various transnational corporations and the complicity of the Dutch State in perpetrating intergenerational climate crimes. These crimes include but are not limited to environmental pollution, desertification, racism, and the mass displacement of people.

The proceedings of the tribunal were led by four judges: Radha D’Souza, Sharon H. Venne, Nicholas Hildyard and Rasigan Maharajh.

The full days of the tribunals were live-streamed on the Framer Framed YouTube channel and are still available to watch. For shorter clips of the prosecutors, witnesses and verdict from the judges, check out the playlist here.

Hearing I: Comrades past, present and future vs. the Dutch State 

 28 October 2021, 13:00-18:00 

 Prosecutor: Bart-Jaap Verbeek (SOMO) 

 The first case indicted the Dutch State for establishing Bilateral Trade Agreements as a legal framework for the benefit of transnational corporations and the state itself. Bilateral Trade Agreements were explained, and evidence was presented on the ecocidal, social impacts of such agreements on ecosystems communities in Bolivia, Peru and Mongolia. 

This hearing was prosecuted by The Centre for Research on Multinational Corporations (SOMO), with witness contributions by Blue Planet Project, Oyu Tolgoi Watch (OT Watch Mongolia) and Pueblos Indígenas Amazónicos Unidos en Defensa de sus Territorios (PUINAMUDT).


Hearing I Hand Out

Read the full proceedings of the first hearing against the Dutch State, given to those present in the CICC, in this free hand out. 

Hearing II: Comrades past, present and future vs. Unilever 

29 October 2021, 13:00-18:00 

Prosecutor: Daphné Dupont-Nivet 

This case indicts Unilever and the Dutch State for committing different types of climate crimes by their destructive activities, such as mercury poisoning of rivers, monocultures of agriculture and the active undermining of democratic institutions, through witnesses from India, Republic of Congo and Kenya. 

With witness contributions by Kenya Land Alliance, Réseau d’Information et d’Appui aux ONG Nationales (RIAO-RDC), Vettiver Collective


Hearing II Hand Out

Read the full proceedings of the indictment against the corporation, Unilever.

Comrades past, present and future vs. ING

October 30, 13:00-18:00

Prosecutor: The Centre for Research on Multinational Corporations (SOMO)

This case indicts ING for establishing financial syndicates and cartels to fund ecocidal, socially disruptive activities by transnational corporations; and indicts the Dutch State for establishing the legal frameworks facilitative of ING’s activities and for profiting from them. Evidence will be introduced of the impacts of ING finance and investment in coal plants, palm oil production and deforestation by witnesses from Indonesia, Cameroon, a.o.

With witness contributions by Fabrina Furtado (Federal Rural University of Rio de Janeiro), Synergie Nationale des Paysans et Riverains du Cameroun (SYNAPARCAM), WALHI West Java (Friends of the Earth Indonesia)


Hearing III Hand Out

Download the proceedings of the case against ING here.

Comrades past, present and future vs. Airbus

October 31, 13:00-18:00

Prosecutor: Stop Wapenhandel (European Network Against Arms Trade – NL)

This case indicts Airbus Industries for designing, manufacturing and trading in destructive weapons including fighter planes, surveillance equipment and other weapons of war, with devastating environmental, social impacts in the Global South. Evidence will be presented on the environmental and social impacts of European wars using Airbus technologies that have deadly impacts on the environment, refugees and asylum seekers and the people of Yemen, by witnesses from global justice campaigns from Italy and Yemen, a.o.

With witness contributions by Aman Organisation Against Discrimination, Cairo Institute for Human Rights, Manchester International Law Center, MWATANA


Hearing IV Hand Out

Read the indictment against Airbus in the hand out given to members of the public jury. 

CICC Voordracht van vonnissen: de rechtszaak tegen de Nederlandse Staat

In collaboration with the Society of Arts, Framer Framed hosted the announcement of the verdict in the hearing held against the Dutch State in the Court for Intergenerational Climate Crimes (CICC) in October 2021. The programme took place at the Trippenhuis of KNAW. 


Download the official conclusion of the first hearing.